Benefits of fruits and vegetables according to their colors


The different colors of fruits and vegetables are due to pigments (lycopenes, carotenoids ...) that give them particular properties.

The red color is due to lycopenes which are antioxidants with many virtues.


They reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, prostate problems and certain types of cancer (pharynx, esophagus, colon). They are also beneficial for the skin.

Anthocyanins are pigments that give red, pink, purple and blue color to fruits and vegetables such as blueberries, black currants, strawberries and raspberries.


They help fight against cell aging, they are also beneficial for vision, digestion and liver.

The orange and yellow colors are due to carotenoids and polyphenols which are also antioxidants. They have anti-inflammatory properties, they help fight against excess cholesterol, nervous system diseases and certain types of cancers.


They are recommended for their beneficial effects on the skin and eyesight.

The green color of some fruits and vegetables such as broccoli is due to glucosinolates which are antioxidants with anti-cancer properties.


These fruits and vegetables, with their various colors and contents of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, help protect us against various diseases.

It is therefore advisable to consume them regularly by varying the pleasures :)

Dr Noura Marashi (doctor of pharmacy)

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