Cataract: definition, symptoms, lens surgery


You find in this video and in this article:

- The definition of cataracts

- Symptoms of cataracts

- The risk factors for cataracts

- The diagnosis of cataracts

- cataract treatments

- Recommendations after surgery

First, know that cataracts are due to a opacification from crystalline. It is done gradually in many years. It manifests itself in the age of 65 year And affects both men and women.

The lens is like a lens which solves its radius of curvature so that the eye can have a clear vision at different distances.

I draw your attention to the fact that a cataract Nope treated unfortunately can lead to the blindness(total loss of vision).

Symptoms of cataract appear gradually over several years.

In general, it is more and more difficult to see from afar despite the correction by glasses, we find photophobia (the person is strongly embarrassed by light) and diplopia (the person sees double) at the level of one eye.

The diagnosis is made by a ophthalmologist who observes the lens.It is interesting to know that there are several types of cataracts depending on the cause and the lens of the lens which is affected by opacification.

Know that the risk factors for cataracts are:

- Age

- Having a strong myopia, a chronic glaucoma or a Dmla

- A diabetes ill -treated

- Regular and intense exposure to the sun's rays (UVs cause an aging of the lens)

- The tobacco

- The alcohol

- A diet poor in fruits and vegetables

Port the cataract properly, the doctor must take the tension of the eye to check the presence or not of a glaucoma (increase in liquid pressure that is inside the eye). He must also observe the retina to detect any sign of Dmla (macular degeneration related at the age).

Cataract favorite treatment is surgery. It consists of replacing the lens with an implant, it is an artificial lens.

The operation is recommended when visual disturbances become too annoying in the person's daily life.

The operation lasts about 30 minutes, it is under local anesthesia, which limits its risks.

Finally, I draw your attention to the fact that you must absolutely respect the treatments and precautions given by your doctor after surgery like:

- Do not rub your eye operated at least for 1 month

- Wear sunglasses to protect the eye during the day and an eye shell at night for 1 week

- Do not wear heavy loads

- Do not make up your eye for 2 weeks

All these precautions are intended to protect your eye as much as possible in order to avoid complications such as infections.

Dr Noura Marrai (Doctor of Pharmacy, YouTuber Health, creator of the health well-being Pharmaquiz application),

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